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COFFEE MARKET: INDONESIA SUMATRA MANDHELING

2020-01-27

Many Indonesia's islands have been formed by volcanoes and are still using soil rich in volcanic ash and ideal for growing coffee. It is no wonder that some of the most famous coffees in the world are grown on the islands of the Malay archipelago in Indonesia: Sumatra, Sulawesi and Java. About 15 percent of all coffee grown in Indonesia is Arabica. Sumatra is the second largest island in Indonesia. Sumatra Mandheling is grown on the lofty volcanic slopes of Mount Leuser near the port of Padang, in the Batak region of Midwestern Sumatra. "Mandailing" is technically an ethnic group in Indonesia, not a region like Batak.


COFFEE MARKET FOR HISTORY
Coffee trees were originally brought to Indonesia at the beginning of the 19th century by the Dutch who tried to break the world Arab monopoly on the cultivation of coffee. Within a few years, Indonesian coffee dominated the global coffee market. However, at the end of the century, the disease completely destroyed the crop. Coffee trees were successfully replanted and quickly gained a large share of the world market until the plantations were devastated again during World War II.

Giling Basah, a unique method used in the production of Sumatran coffees, gives a very full body with a concentrated taste, decorated with herbal nuances and a spicy finish. It involves dehulling of parchment with grains with a moisture content of about 50 percent (compared to 10 to 12 percent moisture in most other regions). This unique process allows you to get the characteristic Sumatra flavor profile (low acidity, richness that stays on the back of the palate and chocolate finish) and gives the green grain a distinctive color.

InterAmerican buys Class 1 Sumatra as a double harvest (DP) or triple harvest (TP), referring to the number of times the coffee is manually harvested for defects. This additional quality control measure ensures a very consistent flavor that only contains beans with optimum maturity.

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